When you’re moving a codebase from subversion to git, here are a few things that make the move go a bit more smoothly.
In the svn project, you can discover some things you’ll need to adjust in git after the import.
Show all files being ignored
svn propget -R svn:ignore .
Add these files to the .gitignore file at your project root, or in appropriate subdirectories. I prefer keeping it all in one place at the top level.
Show all externals
svn propget -R svn:externals .
You’ll either have to switch to using a submodule in git, or just pull the files into your project if that’s not possible for some reason.
Find all empty directories
find . -type d -empty touch /path/to/empty/dir/.gitkeep
Since git doesn’t keep empty directories, you can add a .gitkeep file to empty directories that you don’t want to go away. Some people add a .gitignore file to keep the directory around, but that sounds totally backwards to me. You want to keep it, not ignore it.
By the way, if you are already ignoring dir/*, that will ignore the .gitkeep file as well. Make sure it isn’t missed by adding
!.gitkeep to the end of your .gitignore file.
Find all authors
If you want to properly attribute commits, you’ll need to set up an authors file. But if you miss any authors, the clone will stop and complain. You can discover all the svn users that you need to put in the authors file with this command:
svn log | grep -E 'r[0-9]+ ' | cut -d -f3 | sort | uniq
init + fetch > clone
git svn clone doesn’t complete, try doing the init/fetch as separate operations. The clone subcommand is pretty much just doing an init followed by a fetch, but I’ve found that if the clone fails, doing the commands separately can have better success.